Diamond Hi Energy Dog Food Recall

Diamond Pet Foods expanded its recall of pet food produced at its Gaston, S.C., manufacturing facility to include six additional brands and resumed production at the facility.

Public health officials linked the strain to an outbreak ofhuman salmonella infections, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launched an investigation to determine if other brands of food produced in Gaston may be linked to the illnesses.

• Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover’s Soul • Country Value • Diamond • Diamond Naturals • Premium Edge • Professional • 4Health • Taste of the Wild

The recalled products are those that have a production code with the number “2” or “3” in the 9th or 10th digit and an “X” in the 11th digit and “Best-Before” dates of Dec. 9, 2012, through Apr. 7, 2013. The products were distributed in the following states and Canada, but may have been distributed further through other pet food channels: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.

• Kirkland Signature Super Premium Adult Dog Lamb, Rice & Vegetable Formula • Kirkland Signature Super Premium Adult Dog Chicken, Rice & Vegetable Formula • Kirkland Signature Super Premium Mature Dog Chicken, Rice & Egg Formula • Kirkland Signature Super Premium Healthy Weight Dog Formulated with Chicken & Vegetables • Kirkland Signature Super Premium Maintenance Cat Chicken & Rice Formula • Kirkland Signature Super Premium Healthy Weight Cat Formula • Kirkland Signature Nature’s Domain Salmon Meal & Sweet Potato Formula for Dogs

The recalled Kirkland products are those with production codes with a number “3” in the 10th digit and an “X” in the 11th digit and “Best-Before” dates between Dec. 9, 2012 and Jan. 31, 2013. The food was distributed in Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Canada and Puerto Rico.

Pets with salmonella infections may have decreased appetite, fever and abdominal pain, the company said. If left untreated, pets may be lethargic and have diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, fever and vomiting. Infected pets can be carriers and infect other animals or humans. Owners of pets that have consumed the product should contact a veterinarian, the company says.

Owners handling the food can also become infected, especially if they have not thoroughly washed their hands after having contact with surfaces exposed to the affected product. Healthy people infected with salmonella should monitor themselves for some or all of the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping and fever, the company said. Salmonella can also result in more serious ailments, such as arterial infections, endocarditis, arthritis, muscle pain, eye irritation and urinary tract symptoms. Consumers exhibiting these symptoms after having contact with the recalled product should contact a healthcare provider.

Diamond has set up a website devoted to providing information about the recalls. Diamond states on the site that production and delivery out of its Gaston plant has resumed.

Has Diamond Pet Food Ever Been Recalled?

Yes, Diamond brand pet foods have been recalled a few different times over the years.

In March 2013, a recall of Diamond Naturals cat food was initiated because of potentially too-low levels of thiamine.

In April/May 2012, a large recall event (there were several expansions of the original recall) involved Diamond and Diamond Naturals, plus several other brands. Samples of Diamond’s own pet food tested positive for salmonella, which then prompted other brands produced at Diamond’s plant in Gaston, South Carolina, to be recalled as well, such as Taste of the Wild and Natural Balance.

The 2012 recalls quickly prompted the filing of a consumer class-action lawsuit, Marciano v. Schell & Kampeter Inc. d/b/a Diamond Pet Foods et al. Not only pets but also dozens of people were sickened during the multi-state salmonella outbreak caused by the contaminated pet food.

The class-action suit alleged negligence, unjust enrichment and state law violations, among other claims. It was eventually settled for $2 million, with some consumers getting $10 checks in the mail (others received reimbursement for veterinary bills).

And finally, in December 2005, a string of pet deaths and illnesses were linked to dog and cat food produced in Diamond’s South Carolina plant. A few different brands of pet food manufactured in the plant, including Diamond, were recalled, but not before the products were shipped out nationally as well as to more than 2 dozen other countries.

The pet food was thought to be contaminated with aflatoxin, a toxic byproduct of a mold that attacks corn under certain temperature and moisture conditions. Drought, insect damage to crops, and improper storage and handling can all increase the risk of contamination.

Unfortunately, more than 100 dogs were thought to have died in 2005–2006 as a result of the tainted Diamond pet food. It remains one of the worst pet food recall events in U.S. history. Diamond vowed to reimburse customers for veterinary bills and other costs.

Steve Shrum, president of the South Carolina Association of Veterinarians, told NBC News that vets around the state became aware of the problem when puppies began showing signs of liver problems usually seen in older dogs. “It takes such a small amount, and there’s pretty much nothing you can do with the process that will inactivate that toxin once it gets in the food supply,” Shrum said.

According to a 2006 article published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, investigators from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concluded that Diamond had not “adhered to its own stringent guidelines for aflatoxin testing for 12 shipments of corn that arrived at the plant in South Carolina.”

The article noted that, in order to “minimize the risk of aflatoxin contamination in the future, [Diamond] has strengthened premanufacturing monitoring of incoming corn and added additional testing of the final product to their safety protocols.”

Three years after the 2005 aflatoxin recall, Diamond agreed to a $3.1 million settlement of a consumer class-action lawsuit.

Below, we list the full details of every single Diamond recall over the years.

Cause: Low levels of thiamine. Announcement: FDA report dated March 10, 2013 (archived here). What was recalled: 6 oz. samples and 6 lb. bags of Diamond Naturals Kitten Formula with Production Code #MKT0901 and “best by” date of Sep. 30, 2013.

Cause: Potential for salmonella. Announcement: FDA report dated May 21, 2012 (archived here). What was recalled: 6 lb. and 18 lb. bags plus sample sizes of Diamond Naturals Small Breed Adult Dog Lamb & Rice Formula, with Production Code #DSL0801 and the following “best by” dates:

  • Aug. 26, 2012
  • Sept. 27, 2012
  • Oct. 18, 2012
  • Oct. 20, 2012
  • Samples (no “best by” date given for the samples, but the affected samples have the same production code as above)
  • Cause: Potential for salmonella. Announcement: FDA report dated May 5, 2012 (archived here). What was recalled: All varieties and sizes of both Diamond and Diamond Naturals pet foods were recalled in this large expansion of the previous recall (April 2012), but only those products manufactured in the company’s Gaston, South Carolina, facility, noted in the Production Code number with a “2” or “3” in the 9th position AND an “X” in the 10th or 11th position, and only those with “best by” dates falling between Dec. 9, 2012, and April 7, 2013.

    Cause: Potential for salmonella. Announcement: FDA reports dated April 6, 2012 (archived here) and April 30, 2012 (archived here). What was recalled: The following Diamond dry dog foods were among those pulled from shelves (this recall was later greatly expanded in May 2012):

  • Diamond Naturals Lamb & Rice, 6 lb., Production Code #DLR0101D3XALW, best by Jan. 4, 2013
  • Diamond Naturals Lamb & Rice, 20 lb., Production Code #DLR0101C31XAG, best by Jan. 3, 2013
  • Diamond Naturals Lamb & Rice, 40 lb., Production Code #DLR0101C31XMF, best by Jan. 3, 2013
  • Diamond Naturals Lamb & Rice, 40 lb., Production Code #DLR0101C31XAG, best by Jan. 3, 2013
  • Diamond Naturals Lamb & Rice, 40 lb., Production Code #DLR0101D32XMS, best by Jan. 4, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 40 lb., Production Code #DPP0401B22XJW, best by April 6, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 40 lb., Production Code #DPP0401A21XAW, best by April 6, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 40 lb., Production Code #DPP0101C31XME, best by Jan. 11, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 40 lb., Production Code #DPP0401B21XDJ, best by April 7, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 20 lb., Production Code #DPP0401B22XJW, best by April 6, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 20 lb., Production Code #DPP0101C31XME, best by Jan. 11, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 20 lb., Production Code #DPP0101C31XRB, best by Jan. 11, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 8 lb., Production Code #DPP0401B2XALW, best by April 7, 2013
  • Diamond Puppy Formula, 6 oz. samples, Production Code #DPP0401 (no date given)
  • Cause: Possible aflatoxin. Announcement: FDA report dated Dec. 20, 2005 (archived here). What was recalled: The following products from the company’s Gaston, South Carolina, manufacturing facility, noted with a capital “G” in the 11th or 12th character in the date code, and only those with “best by” dates falling between March 1, 2007, and June 11, 2007:

  • Diamond Low Fat Dog Food
  • Diamond Hi-Energy Dog Food
  • Diamond Maintenance Dog Food
  • Diamond Performance Dog Food
  • Diamond Premium Adult Dog Food
  • Diamond Puppy Food
  • Diamond Maintenance Cat Food
  • Diamond Professional Cat Food
  • If you have not done so already, we urge you to sign up now for Petful’s FREE recall alerts by email. Our free alerts are saving pets’ lives.

    The History of Diamond Pet Foods

    With a dream and some bootstraps, 2 brothers by marriage started a small animal feed production that is now a billion-dollar business.

    Diamond Pet Foods had its humble beginnings in Missouri, close to the homes of Gary Schell and Richard Kampeter. The brothers-in-law bought a mill in Meta, Missouri — population 220. They began operating in April 1970 under the name Meta Feed and Grain.

    Until then, the mill “had been one of those hand-to-mouth local enterprises that dotted outstate Missouri, converting a farmer’s grain to flour, bran, corn meal and hog slops,” according to a feature in the Kansas City Star.

    When Schell and Kampeter took over, the mill “produced mostly hog and cattle feed. But it also had a line of dog chow, cooked in 3 big iron kettles large enough to make 4 tons of the stuff in 10 hours.”ADVERTISEMENT

    By the early 1990s, business was booming, thanks to the specialty pet food. “Meta Feed and Grain got out of livestock feed [and] went exclusively to dog and cat chow,” according to the newspaper article.

    Also, there was an important name change. According to folklore, Meta Feed and Grain came to be called Diamond Pet Foods when a hunter exclaimed that eating the dog food made his dog’s coat shine like a diamond.

    The business continued to grow under the direction of Schell and Kampeter — though it wasn’t always easy.

    “We went broke 5 times,” Schell told the Kansas City Star. “We actually ran out of money. Once we went over to the bank, threw the keys to the place on the counter and said, ‘You take it. ‘They said, ‘No, we’ll work something out.”

    By 1992, Diamond was racking up $40 million in sales worldwide.

    And today? As of 2020, Diamond Pet Foods was the No. 5 pet food company in the world, with $1.5 billion in annual revenue, according to data provided by Pet Food Industry.

    Beginning in 1985, the second generation of Kampeters took an avid interest in their father’s business.

    Michael, Tommy and John Kampeter started working full time at their father’s company. All 3 of them had worked in the Meta plant while they were still teens completing their education. Their youngest brother, Andy, would eventually become vice president of transportation and packaging.

    When Michael Kampeter joined the company, he began taking distribution of Diamond pet products nationally. He attended trade shows and expanded Diamond’s client base. He would eventually become president of the company.

    Now, Michael Kampeter has brought his son, Trey, into the business with him. Trey has become the third generation of Kampeters to work in the company.

    In 1999, the company outgrew its Meta plant, and another plant was opened in Lathrop, California.

    Then, in 2003, the company expanded again, this time opening a plant in Gaston, South Carolina.

    In 2013, the town of Ripon, California, rejoiced when Diamond opened yet another plant in that community, bringing 75 additional jobs. Rather than build a brand-new plant from the ground up, Diamond purchased a defunct paper mill for $9 million and repurposed it.

    That plant is located only 15 miles from the Lathrop, California, plant. With the Ripon plant, Diamond made an important investment in renewable energy, adding solar panels and LED lights, which burn the least energy of all light bulbs.ADVERTISEMENT

    Over the years, Diamond Pet Foods has diversified its line of products, including Diamond Naturals (which debuted in 2006), Diamond CARE (debuted in 2016) and Diamond Pro89 (debuted in 2019).

    Other brands owned by Diamond Pet Foods include:

    Diamond’s most recognizable pet food brand — and its big money maker — is Taste of the Wild.

    In the next section below, we discuss the Diamond pet food recall history.

    Which Diamond Sub-Brand Is Right for You?

    Here are Diamond’s five most popular sub-brands. In the following section, we’ll show you what makes each different. So you can choose the food that’s best for your dog.


    This is Diamond’s economy kibble. It’s a “no-frills” dry dog food at a very low price.

  • Grain-inclusive (corn, wheat, rice)
  • Notable meat content
  • 6 recipes (ratings vary)
  • Rating:

    Diamond Naturals is a premium dry dog food. It contains more meat, better ingredients… and offers a significant upgrade over the standard Diamond product (above).

  • Above-average protein. Moderate fat.
  • Chelated minerals for superior nutrition
  • 13 recipes (ratings vary)
  • Rating:

    This sub-brand includes the grain-free version of Diamond Naturals (above). The protein in this recipe appears to be derived from both plant and animal sources.

  • Beef, chicken or whitefish protein
  • Contains fresh, beta-carotene-rich sweet potato. No corn, wheat or barley
  • 3 recipes (ratings vary)
  • Rating:

    Diamond Care includes 4 dry recipes… each designed by vets for dogs with specific health issues.

  • 100% grain-free formula. No corn, wheat or rice.
  • Omega-3 and omega-6 fats for healthy skin and coat
  • 4 recipes (ratings vary)
  • Rating:

    Diamond Original canned formula is for those who prefer a wet food that’s made with grain (rice).

  • Complete nutrition for puppies or adults
  • Can be fed as a balanced meal or as a tasty topper for dry kibble
  • 3 recipes (ratings vary)
  • Diamond is made by family-owned Diamond Pet Foods, of Meta, Missouri. All dry foods are produced at the company’s own facilities in South Carolina, California, Arkansas and Missouri. Wet recipes are made by a private-label cannery in the United States.

    Diamond also makes top-rated Taste of the Wild and budget-friendly Costco Kirkland dog foods.


    Is Diamond dog food been recalled?

    Diamond recalled three brands of dry dog food: Diamond Naturals Lamb and Rice Formula for Adult Dogs, Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover’s Soul Adult Light Formula and Diamond Puppy Formula.

    Is Diamond dog food making dogs sick?

    The recall was announced after routine tests of Diamond-made dog food led public health officials to link an outbreak of human cases of Salmonella Infantis in the United States and Canada to the handling of the contaminated dog food or dogs that ingested the bacteria.

    When was the last recall on Diamond dog food?

    As the Diamond Dog Food Recall of 2012 continues to unfold, it’s become increasingly difficult for a concerned dog owner to keep up with all the changes.

    How many times has Diamond dog food been recalled?

    Diamond Naturals Dog Food Recall History

    Since Diamond Pet Foods has been around since the 1970s, it has had a few recalls. Two recalls occurred in the same month for possible salmonella contamination, as well as one case in the previous month.