They grow to be part of the large dog breed and rank as one of the most affectionate of the bunch. With that said, they can sometimes be a bit rambunctious. This includes their desire to chew and bite on things we all know they shouldn’t.
Puppies are highly active, mouthy, and rambunctious, so adopting an adult Bernese may be a better decision for a family with young children. Berner pups can chase, nip, or bite in play, and that can be frightening for or dangerous to a young child, even though the dog doesn’t mean any harm.
Berners are strong, yet mellow.
Bernese Mountain Dog Pros and Cons Pros
The Bernese Mountain Dog is one of the four mountain dog breeds, who can trace its origins back to Switzerland, more precisely to Bern. It is thought that the ancient breed, the Molosser while spreading out in the entire world, it also got to the Swiss Alps and developed a variety of Mastiff-type of breeds, including the Bernese Mountain Dog.
During the first century, the dogs that the Romans brought to the area had been naturally cross-bred with the local dogs, creating the four mountain dog breeds. Right after its initial creation, the Bernese Mountain Dog served many purposes helping people, pulling carts, standing watch, guarding, accompanying livestock, and providing companionship to their fellow humans. Initially, the breed’s most appreciated ability was that the dog could pull many times their own weight, occasionally up to the mountains, as drafting dogs, thanks to their muscular and broad hindquarters generating immense strength. They were considered the ultimate all-around farm dog.
The need for strong dogs who could herd cattle and pull carts have dwindled because of the fact, that by the middle of the 1880s, only 36% of the Swiss population worked on farms, in the agricultural sector. It was feared that the Bernese Mountain Dog will suffer severe consequences like extinction due to neglect and lack of need. Thanks to a handful of enthusiasts and breeders, a painstaking effort has started with the intention of reviving the breed and saving it from extinction. In 1902, the Swiss dog club sponsored a show at Ostermundigen, which drew more attention to the mountain dog breeds, thus to the Bernese Mountain Dog too. Two years after that, the breed had a huge step forward at an international dog show in Bern, where the Bernese Mountain Dog was included in the mountain dog category. A club named “Berna” was even founded in 1907, for the different mountain dog breeders and for their purebred dogs. This club was formed under the leadership of Professor Albert Heim, probably the most renewed and respected canine scientist of his generation in Europe. After that, the Swiss Kennel Club recognized the breed first. During World War I, dog breeding fell out of the most important priorities, but after that, the Bernese Mountain Dog was exported firstly to the Netherlands then to the United States of America. The breed got the United Kingdom too, where the first litter was born in 1936. One year after that, in 1937, the AKC (American Kennel Club) gave the breed recognition and grouped them within their Working Class. But their full member club recognition came later, in 1981. Sadly, after the Second World War, the Bernese Mountain Dog population have faced another decrease, but fortunately, the American breeders quickly revived and restored their population numbers.
Nowadays, the Bernese Mountain Dog is mostly kept as a family companion and became a really popular choice for families with children, thanks to the fact that the breed has a really good nature with a reliable, stable, and trustworthy temperament. Today, the breed is considered to be a popular one, all around the world.
Facts about Bernese Mountain Dogs, “Scientific name for Bernese Mountain Dog, or domestic canine, is Canis lupus familiaris”. The Bernese Mountain Dog is a huge variety of dog that hails from Switzerland. The Bernese Mountain Dog breed is one among the four breeds of the Sennenhund-category dogs, which hail from the Swiss Alps. The Bernese Mountain Dog breed is a mountain dog that was at first maintained as a common farm dog. Currently, Bernese Mountain Dog has become an affiliate of the working group. Bernese Mountain Dogs sweat glands are between their paw pads. It is a Fact a Bernese Mountain Dog sees in color and have better low light vision. Bernese Mountain Dogs have three eyelids, a lower lid, an upper eyelid lid and a third lid, that is called a haw or nictitating membrane, this keeps the dogs eye protected and moist. Bernese Mountain Dogs eyes have a special membrane for seeing better at night, called a tapetum lucidum – a dogs reflective layer in the choroid chiefly of nocturnal, causing the eyes to glow when light at night hits the eyes and they consist of some layers of smooth flat cells covered by a section of double deformed crystals. A Bernese Mountain Dog’s mouth can apply approximately 150 to 200 pounds of pressure per square inch and an American Pit Bull Terrier, German Shepherd Dog and a rottweiler can have 320 LBS of pressure on avg. Appearance The male Bernese Mountain Dog attains the maximum height, ranging from 25 to 27 1/2 inches (63.5 to 69.8cm), whereas the female ones have the height that ranges between 23 and 26 inches (58.4 to 66.4cm). The male Bernese Mountain Dogs are heavier than the females, and the range of their body weight lies between 85 and 125 pounds (38.5 to 56.6kg), whereas the female Bernese Mountain Dogs carry a body weight that ranges from 80 to 120 pounds (36.2 to 54.4kg). All dogs are identical in makeup big or small– 42 permanent teeth and 321 bones. Bernese Mountain Puppies have 28 teeth and when they become adult Bernese Mountain Dogs they have 42 teeth. When Bernese Mountain puppies are born, they have no teeth and are deaf and blind. Bernese Mountain Puppies for their first few weeks will sleep ninety percent of the day and their vision is not fully developed until after the first month. Bernese Mountain Dogs have two times the amount of ear muscles than people. It is a fact a Bernese Mountain Dog can hear a sound at four times the distance of a human. Sound frequency is measured in Hertz (Hz) Def-Hertz is the measurement of frequency, explicitly its one cycle per second. The higher the Hertz are, the higher the pitched the sound is. Bernese Mountain Dogs hear best at 45,000 Hz to 65,000 Hz, while humans hear best at around 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. The top part of the head of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed is even with a reasonable stop, and their ears are average sized in the shape of a triangle, set elevated and circular at the top. They have a bushy tail and the teeth of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed have a cutters bite. The legs of the Bernese Mountain Dog are strong and straight, with circular, curved toes. The dewclaws of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed are habitually detached. Features Similar to the other varieties in the family, The Bernese Mountain Dog is a big, weighty dog with a distinguishing tri-colored fur, black with white colored upper body and rust tinted marks on top of the eyes, front of legs, sides of mouth and a small quantity around the white torso. The ideal marked dot of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed offers the thought of a white colored horseshoe form around the snout and a white colored Swiss cross on the upper body, when observed from the front. A Swiss kiss is a white colored mark situated usually at the back of the neck, but may be a fraction of the neck. Temperament Bernese Mountain Dogs are outside dogs at heart, though well-performed in the home. The Bernese Mountain Dog breeds need exercise and activity, but do not boast an immense deal of staying power. They can go with astonishing bursts of pace for their size when provoked. If they are healthy, they take pleasure in hiking and usually attach close to their community. The Bernese Mountain Dogs are favorite pets for kids because they are extremely affectionate and patient. The average lifespan of the Bernese Mountain Dog ranges from 10 years to 11 years. The number one heath problems amongst Bernese Mountain Dogs is obesity, so always make sure your dog doesnt get to fat. Many foot problems that Bernese Mountain Dogs have are just an issue of long toenails. The Bernese Mountain Dogs can be prone to diseases such as Gastric Torsion, Cancer, Hip Dysplasia, Panosteitis, Elbow Dysplasia, Von Willebrands Disease, Portosystemic Shunt (PSS), Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), these are some of the the disease they may get throughout there life. Bernese Mountain Dog’s nose prints can be used to identify them, their nose prints are like a humans finger print. It is a Fact a Bernese Mountain Dog smells more than 1,000 times stronger than that of a human. A Bernese Mountain Dog’s nose, secretes a thin layer of mucous that helps it absorb scent, after that they lick their noses and sample the scent through their mouth. Average body temperature for a Bernese Mountain Dog is between 101 to 102.5 degrees In 1981 the Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America became a member club of the AKC. The AKC adopted its current Bernese Mountain Dog standard in 1990. Bernese Mountain Dogs pant to keep cool with 10 to 35 breaths per minute with an average of 24 breaths per minute. A large dog breed resting heart beats between 60 to 100 times per minute, and a small dog breed’s heart beats on average between 100 to 140 pant a lot. Only humans and dogs have prostates and a dog doesnt have an appendix. Female Bernese Mountain Dogs are in heat for matting for about 20 days twice a year. Female Bernese Mountain Dogs are pregnant for 60 days before they’re puppies are born. A Bernese Mountain Dog is an omnivore, (definition-they eat both other animals and plants). All Dogs are direct descendants of wolves.
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- Mastiff – 552 pounds. The Mastiff takes the crown with a reported bite force of 552 pounds. …
- Rottweiler – 328 pounds. Rotties are known for being fierce and strong dogs. …
- American Bulldog – 305 pounds. …
- German Shepherd – 238 pounds. …
- Pitbull – 235 pounds.