What Is Rectal Prolapse?
Rectal prolapse is a condition in which the last part of a dogs intestinal tract—the rectum—protrudes from the anal opening. The rectal tissues turn inside out and appear as a cylinder or tube of pink tissue sticking out of the dogs anus. In an incomplete prolapse, only the mucus membrane surrounding the rectum emerges from the anus, while in a complete prolapse, all layers of the rectum are prolapsed. The condition more commonly occurs in farm animals such as pigs, cows, and sheep but is also seen in dogs.
Symptoms of Rectal and Anal Prolapse in Dogs
Dogs with rectal prolapse typically hunch over while straining to poop or pee. While they’re straining, you may see a tube-shaped mass of tissue protruding through the anal opening.
In a partial anal prolapse, the exposed tissue may go back to its normal position after your dog stops straining. In a complete anal prolapse, tissue will usually not go back to its normal position without medical or surgical intervention.
Rectal prolapse in dogs: symptoms
When it comes to a mucous prolapse in dogs, one will notice an inflamed and reddened doughnut formed ring which will protrude out of the anus. This type of anal prolapse in dogs is often mistaken for dog hemorrhoids.
In cases of a complete anal prolapse in dogs, a red or pinkish cylindrical mass will become exteriorized. This type of dog anal prolapse requires immediate veterinary attention and if not treated accordingly, this exposed tissue can suffer irreversible damage. If you notice this prolapse, we recommend wrapping the external tissue in a dampened gauze until you see a veterinarian, keeping it protected from exterior factors.
For more, we recommend reading our article where we discuss everything you need to know about a dog’s anal glands.