Warts vs. Sebaceous Gland Adenomas
An untrained eye can easily mistake sebaceous gland adenomas for warts. Sebaceous gland adenomas are wart-like masses that can pop up anywhere on the dog’s body. Their diameter ranges between 0.5 to 2 centimeters and their surface is smoother than the warts’ surface.
Sebaceous gland adenomas are in fact benign tumors of the oil glands. Since they are more likely to develop in older dogs (over 5 years of age), sebaceous gland adenomas are popularly known as “old dog warts.” Once again, it should be well-noted that these are not real warts.
Veterinarian’s Dog Mouth Warts Treatment
Some vets will decide to use a safe and sanitary method of crushing the warts that are located in the dog’s mouth, in order to naturally encourage the dog’s immune system to fight off the papillomas, on their own. Licensed veterinarian, Wendy Brooks, explains this method in her article entitled, Viral Papillomas.
Given orally to dogs with mouth warts, this antiviral medication that is often used to treat cancer and viral infections such as hepatitis b and hepatitis c in humans, stimulates the immune system, and has been shown to help clear up canine oral papillomavirus. Further information about the use of Interferon to treat dog mouth warts can be found on the Animal Medical Hospital website, in the following article.
When given to dogs intravenously, scientific research has shown that this is a very quick and effective method of eliminating dog mouth warts, as was demonstrated by the scientific study that is described in the following article, Oral Papillomatosis in a Dog and its Therapy with Taurolidine (PDF).
Less commonly, dog mouth warts can become infected. If they do, an antibiotic may be needed to clear up the infection. Scientific researchers conducted a study regarding the effectiveness of this treatment in clearing up dog mouth warts and reported that Azithromycin is, in fact, a safe and effective treatment for canine papillomatosis, as is stated in the following peer-reviewed article.
In the rare case that a dog develops so many mouth warts that he or she is unable to eat, or if the dog’s warts become excessively inflamed, infected, or do not go away on their own or with use of the other options, having a veterinarian surgically remove or freeze off the warts might be a good option.
However, the surgical removal of mouth warts in dogs has been shown to exacerbate canine papillomatosis, as was revealed in a scientific study conducted by Phillip K. Nicholls’ and his colleagues’. Further details can be found in the following article.