Vitamin D is essential to maintain healthy teeth, bones and muscles; it also has an important role in regulating calcium in the body. Vitamin D is absorbed from the diet and during the summer the body creates vitamin D from direct sunlight on the skin. Vitamin D is promoted as a supplement, particularly during winter months to maintain good health and for protection against various diseases.
Many vitamin D supplements are available and they vary hugely in dose from 10 micrograms (or 400 International Units [IU]) to 1.25 milligrams (or 50,000 IU). Most importantly the bottle can contain several hundred capsules or tablets. Accidentally eating a few vitamin D tablets is unlikely to be a problem for dogs and cats, but if a pet gains access to a pot containing a large number of tablets they are at risk of vitamin D poisoning.
Causes of Vitamin Poisoning in Dogs
Symptoms of Vitamin Poisoning in Dogs
Because the consequences of vitamins poisoning can be so variable, the list of symptoms is extensive.
With iron toxicity there are stages of unwellness, followed by a period of improvement which can then move into liver failure.
Xylitol (sugar substitute) in vitamins
Treatment of Vitamin Poisoning in Dogs
Treatment will depend on the severity of the poisoning but chances are your dog will need to be admitted to the hospital to receive intravenous therapy. The intravenous will provide for the following needs.
The veterinarian may need to induce vomiting and use active charcoal (with some cases of vitamin D poisoning), perform gastric lavage, or administer chelation therapy (to assist in the removal of iron if iron toxicity is present). Your dog’s organ function will be carefully monitored the entire time to ensure that all systems are returning to normal.
Worried about the cost of Vitamins Poisoning treatment?
Pet Insurance covers the cost of many common pet health conditions. Prepare for the unexpected by getting a quote from top pet insurance providers.
What happens if my dog eats one of my vitamins?
Can one vitamin D pill hurt a dog?
Can a dog overdose on vitamins?