A recessed vulva, which may also be referred to as a juvenile or hypoplastic vulva, is a conformational (structural formation) issue that occurs in female dogs. In this condition, the vulva is recessed within, or partially hidden by, surrounding folds of skin.
A recessed vulva is thought to have a genetic basis, though this has not been definitively determined. The condition is more common in medium to large breed dogs, especially individuals who are overweight.
Is Something Wrong With Your Dog’s Vagina?
Most of us are not sure whether or not our dogs have vaginal issues. Here are the signs to look for with female dog genitals:
Vaginal issues can be caused by many reasons. These can be because of bacteria, pathogens, foreign bodies, and may also be because of underlying health conditions like pyometra, UTI, or tumors. Other causes, according to VCA Hospitals, include vaginal trauma, yeast overgrowth, ectopic ureter, and vaginal abscesses.
A healthy dog vagina can be upset by a number of problems. From vaginitis in dogs to a yeast infection in dogs, here are a few of the most common problems you might come across.
Vaginitis in dogs. Female dog vaginitis is the inflammation of the vagina. Vaginitis in dogs may occur mostly before puberty or in mature dogs but is especially common in puppies. Vaginitis in dogs is mainly because of bacterial infection.
Vaginal overgrowth. This includes vaginal prolapse and vaginal hyperplasia. The vaginal tissue becomes swollen when your dog is in heat. The swollen vaginal tissue may be seen through a dog’s vulva. Vaginal overgrowth is caused when a female dog has too much estrogen. It is most common in young dogs.
Yeast infections. A yeast infection in dogs is a fungal infection that can greatly affect your furbabys vagina. Fungal yeasts exist in and on your dogs’ bodies naturally and they usually dont cause any problem. However, there are many possible reasons that can trigger overgrowth of yeast, causing a yeast infection in dogs. These include medical conditions, exposure to medications, weakened immune systems, unhealthy lifestyle, and improper hygiene.
Rectovaginal fistula. This is one of the many vaginal abnormalities your furbaby may develop. This happens when a hole forms between the vagina and the rectum. This vaginal problem is rare and usually a congenital condition, according to Wag Walking.
Vaginal problems in female dogs can cause problems with breeding, persistent infection, and incontinence. It’s best to consult your vet as soon as you notice something’s not right with your furbabys vaginal health.
What Is the Female Canine Reproductive Tract?
The female dog’s reproductive tract consists of the female genital organs including the ovaries, uterus, vagina, vulva, and mammary glands.
What Are the Functions of the Female Reproductive Tract in Dogs?
The ovaries contain the eggs (ova) that are waiting to be fertilized. The ovaries also produce the female hormones of estrogen and progesterone. The eggs are released from small saclike structures called follicles during the process of ovulation and pass through the fallopian tubes into the uterus. When a bitch is spayed, the ovaries, oviducts, and uterus are removed. The primary function of the uterus is reproduction. It serves as the site for implantation of fertilized ova (eggs) and for the growth and development of the fetus. The uterus houses the fetus until it is ready to be delivered.
The vagina provides a passage way from the outside of the body to the uterus. During breeding, sperm is deposited in the vagina by the male dog. The vagina provides a protected passage for fetuses to move from the uterus to the outside and also protects the opening of the urethra (where urine leaves the body).
The vulva protects the opening of the vagina and provides external markings that identify the animal as a female. The function of the mammary glands is to produce milk for any offspring.
What does a female dog vulva look like when in heat?
Do I need to clean my dog’s vulva?
How do I know if my dog has a vulva infection?